Medical prefixes and suffixes in English and Spanish

English Spanish Meaning Example
-ac -ac pertaining to cardiac
-al -al pertaining to cerebral
-algia -algia pain myalgia
adeno/o adeno/o gland adenology
abdomin/o abdomin/o abdomen abdomen
adip/o adip/o fat adipocyte
adeno/o adeno/o gland adenology
abdomin/o abdomin/o abdomen abdomen
adip/o adip/o fat adipocyte
a-,an- a-,an absence of anemia
ana- ana- back, again, up anaplasia
ante anter/o before/in front of antepartum
arthr/o artr/o joints arthritis
bio bio life biology
carcin/o carcin/o cancer carcinoma
cardi/o cardi/o heart cardiology
cephal/o cefal/o head cephalalgy
cerebr/o cerebr/o brain cerebellum
cervic/o cervic/o neck, cervix cervical
chondr/o condr/o cartilage chondrocalcinosis
chrom/o crom/o color chromosome
cis/o cis/o tu cut excision
cyst/o cist/o urinary bladder cystitis
-cyte -cito cell leukocyte
cyt/o cit/o cell cytology
derm/o derm/o skin dermatology
dia- dia- through, during, across diagnosis
dist/o dist/o stand away from distal
dors/o dors/o back dorsal
-eal -eo pertaining coccygeal
-ectomy -ectomía surgical operation/removal of a body part mastectomy
electr/o electr/o electricity electrocardiography
-emia -emia blood condition anemia
encephal/o encefal/o brain encephalogram
endo- endo- inside endocrinology
epi- epi- on, upon epicardium
ex- ex- out of, away from excise
exo- exo- outside, external exoskeleton
enter/o enter/o intestine gastroenterology
erythr/o eritr/o red erythrocyte
gastr/o gastr/o stomach gastritis
-genic -genic/o/a formative, pertaining to producing cardiogenic
gnos/o gnos/o knowledge diagnosis
-gram -grama record angiogram
gynec/o ginec/o woman gynecologist
hemat/o hemat/o blood hematology
hem hem blood hematoma
hepat/o hepat/o liver hepatitis
hist/o hist/o tissue histology
hyper- hiper- excessive, extreme hypertension
hypo hipo- below normal hypothermia
iatr/o iatr/o treatment iatrochemistry
-ic,-iac, -iacal -ico/a pertaining to hapatic
inguin/o inguen inguin/o groin inguenalgia
-ist -ista one who specializes in pathologist
-itis -itis inflammation tonsillitis
kary/o cari/o nucleous eukaryote
later/o later/o lateral lateral
leuk/ leuc/o white leukocyte
log/o log/o knowledge neurologist
-logy -logia study of pathology
lumb/o lumb/o lower back lumbar
medi/o medi/o middle medial
nephr/o nefr/o kidney nephrology
neur/o neur/o neurous system neurofibromatosis
-oma -opma tumor, bulkl, volume sarcoma
-osis -osis condition, disease or increase osteoporosis
onc/o onc/o tumor oncology
ophthalm/o oftalmol/o eye ophthalmology
oste/o oste/o bone osteoporosis
path/o pat/o illness pathology
-pathy -patía disease, or disorder sociopathy
ped/o ped/o child pedophile
pelv/o pel/v hip bone pelvis
poster/o poster/o behind/after postoperation
pro- pro- before prognosis
proxim/o proxim/o near proximal
psych/o psic/o mind psychology
radi/o radi/o X-rays radiology
re- re- again, backwards relapse
ren/o ren/o kidney renal
retro- retro- backward, behind retroverted
rhin/o rin/o nose rhinoplasty
sarc/o sarc/o fleshlike sarcoma
-scope -scopio instrument for viewing stethoscope
-scopy -scopía use of instrument for viewing endoscopy
sub- sub- beneath subcutaneous
spin/o espin/o spine spinal
thel/o tel/o nipple theleplasty
thorac/o torac/o chest thorax
thromb/o tromb/o blood clot thrombus
trache/o traque/o trachea tracheostomy
trans- trans- across, through transfusion
-type -tipo classification, image prototype
umbilic/o umbilic/o umbilicus umbilical
ur/o ur/o urine urology
ventr/o ventr/o stomach cavity ventrodorsal
vertebr/o vertebr/o vertebra vertebral
viscer/o viscer/o internal organs viscera
-y -ia process, condition surgery